Lee Foote

Professor and Director, Devonian Botanic Garden. Wetland ecology and management

Phone: 7809873054x2233
Email: lee.foote@ualberta.ca
Department: Renewable Resources
Office: Devonian Botanic Garden
Office Hours: 9 - 12 Tuesdays
Address: University of Alberta
Edmonton, AB
Canada T6G 2R3

Job/Research Area: Wetland Ecology and management. Dr. Foote is a member of Botanic Gardens Conservation International, The University of Alberta Forestry School, and is a participant in the Land Reclamation International Graduate School sponsored by NSERC CREATE.

Major Responsibilities/Research Interests: Dr. Foote’s research focuses on wetland management, disturbance, reclamation and wildlife habitat. Sustainable use figures large in his approaches to natural resources. Secondary research areas include social and ecological sustainability of threatened species, currently involved with projects on Trumpeter Swans, Peregrine Falcons, Polar Bears, Lake Sturgeon, and Kalahari Desert megafauna. During the last 3 years he has also returned to his plant community roots to work with graduate students and PDFs examining plant physiology and competition in relation to altered growing environments as a way of developing reclamation and protection prescriptions. He has been actively involved with the 2013 Alberta Wetland Policy formulation.

University of Alberta Libraries Education and Research Archive - Collections in Department of Renewable Resources 

Selected Publications


Foote, A.L 2015 Oral Exams: Preparing for and passing candidacy, qualifying and graduate defenses.  Elsevier Press 215 pp.

Journal Articles:

Roy, MC, Lee Foote, and Jan JH Ciborowski. 2016. Vegetation Community composition in wetlands created following oil sand mining in Alberta, Canada. Journal of Environmental Management 172:18-28.

Mollard, FPO, MC Roy, and AL Foote. 2015. Performance of wetland forbs transplanted into marshes amended with oil sands processed water Environmental  Monitoring and Assessment (2015) 187: 125

Mc Gregor, AM, CL Davis, C.J Walter and L Foote. 2015. Fisheries restoration potential for a large lake ecosystem: using ecosystem models to examine dynamic relationships between walleye, cormorant, and perch  Ecology and Society 20(2):29  . http://dx. doi.org/10.5751/ES-07350-200229 

Roy, MC, FPO Mollard and AL Foote. 2014. Do peat amendments to oil sands wet sediments affect Carex aquatilis biomass for reclamation success? Environmental management. 139:154-163. 

Samuel, W., B. Stelfox, L. Foote. 2014. In memoriam Robert John “Bob” Hudson. Rangifer 33:21. 

K.E. Kovalenko, J.J.H. Ciborowski, C. Daly, D.G. Dixon, A.J. Farwell, A.L. Foote, K.R. Frederick, J.M. Gardner Costa, K. Kennedy, K. Liber, M.C. Roy, C.A. Slama, J.E.G. Smits. 2014.  Food web structure in oil sands reclaimed wetlands. Ecological Applications.23:1048-1060.

Mollard, FPO, A. AL Foote, MJ Wilson, V Chrisfield and SE Bayley. 2013. Monitoring and assessment of wetland condition using plant morphologic and physiologic indicators. Wetlands 33:939-947.

FPO Mollard, MC Roy, K Frederick and L Foote. 2013. Growth of the dominant macrophyte Carex aquatilis is inhibited in oil sands affected wetlands in Northern Alberta, Canada. Ecological Engineering 38:11-19.

Clark, DA, C Meek, J Cheechoo, S Clark, AL Foote, D Lee and G York. Polar bears and CITES: a rejoinder to Parsons and Cornick. Marine Policy 38:365-368.

Foote, A.L. 2012. Threshold considerations and wetland reclamation in Alberta’s mineable oil sands. Ecology and Society 17(1):35-46.

Macpherson, LM. MG, Sullivan, AL Foote and CE Stevens. 2012. Effects of culverts on stream fish assemblages in the Alberta foothills. North American Journal of Fisheries Management. http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/ujfm20

Mollard, F., Roy, MC, KP Frederick and A. L. Foote. Growth of the dominant macrophyte Carex aquatilis is inhibited in oil sands affected wetlands in Northern Alberta, Canada. Ecological Engineering. 38(1):11-19.

Clare, S, N. Krogman, L. Foote and N. Lemphers. 2011. Where is the avoidance in the implementation of wetland law and policy? Ecology and Society. DOI: 10.1007/s11273-011-9209-3.

Clark, S.G., M. B. Rutherford, M.R. Auer, D.N. Cherney, R.L. Wallace, D.J. Mattson , D. A. Clark, L. Foote, N. Krogman, P. Wilshusen, T. Steelman. 2011. College and University Environmental Programs as a s Policy Problem (Part 1): Integrating Knowledge, Education, and Actionfor a Better World? Environmental Management. DOI 10.1007/s00267-011-9635-2

Clark, S.G., M. B. Rutherford, M.R. Auer, D.N. Cherney R. L. Wallace, D. J. Mattson , D. A. Clark, L. Foote , N. Krogman, P. Wilshusen, T. Steelman. 2011. College and University Environmental Programs as a s Policy Problem (Part 2): Strategies for Improvement. Environmental Management. DOI 10.1007/s00267-011-9635-2 .

Krogman, Naomi and Lee Foote. 2011. “Global Citizenship and the Environment: Embracing Life in All its Forms” Pp. 107-118 in Shultz, L., Abdi, A., Richardson, G. (Eds.) Global citizenship education in post-secondary institutions: Theories, practices, policies. New York: Peter Lang

D. Clark, SG Clark, M Dowsley, L Foote, TS Jung, and RH Lemlin. 2010. It’s not just about bears: A problem-solving workshop on Aboriginal peoples, polar bears and human dignity. Arctic 63(1)124-127.

Foote, AL, NT Krogman, and J. Spence  2009  Should academics advocate on environmental issues? Society and Natural Resources. 22: 579-589.

Brown, CL, CA Paszkowski, AL Foote A Moenting and SM Boss.  2009.  The relationship of amphibian abundance to habitat features across spatial scales in the Boreal plains. Ecoscience 16(2): 209-223.

Freeman, MMR and AL Foote. 2009. Inuit, polar bears and sustainable Use [Book] CCI Press, University of Alberta, Edmonton. 252 pp.

Foote, Lee, Naomi Krogman, Doug Clark and Lindsay Johnston. 2009. “Polar Bears and the Media: The Ways in Which we Know the Icon.”  Pp. 187-198 in M. Freeman and L. Foote (Eds.) Inuit, Polar Bears and Sustainable Use.  Edmonton, AB: CCI Press.

Foote, AL. and GW Wenzel. 2009 Polar bear conservation hunting in Canada: Economics, culture and unintended consequences. Pp 13-24 in MMR Freeman and AL Foote (Eds) Inuit, polar bears and sustainable use. CCI Press, University of Alberta, Edmonton

Clark, DA, M Tyrrell, M Dowsley, AL Foote, MMR Freeman and SG Clark. 2009. Polar bears, climate change and human dignity; seeking integrative conservation policies. Pp 233-242 in MMR Freeman and AL Foote (Eds)Inuit, polar bears and sustainable use. CCI Press, University of Alberta, Edmonton.

Clark, D, M. Tyrell, M Dowsley, AL Foote, M Freeman and SG Clark. 2008. Polar bears, climate change and human dignity: disentangling symbolic politics and seeking integrative conservation policies. Meridian, Canadian Polar Commission, pg 1-6. Fall/Winter.

Foote, AL. 2008. Nurturing the land for food, flora and fauna. Conservation 10:5-7.

Foote, AL and G Wenzel. 2008. Conservation Hunting Concepts, Canada’s Inuit and polar bear hunting. Pp 115-128 (in) B. Lovelock (Ed) Tourism and the consumption of wildlife. Rowledge Press. 320 p.

Walker, JR, AL Foote, and MG Sullivan. 2007. Effectiveness of enforcement to deter illegal angling harvest of northern pike in Alberta. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 27:1369-1377.

Hornung, JP and AL Foote 2007. Comparing dietary preferences of Bufflehead ducklings in Western Canada through gut content and stable isotope analysis. Aquatic Ecology 42(1): 61-70. 

Foote, L and G Wenzel 2007. Conservation hunting concepts, Canada's Inuit, and polar bear hunting (invited chapter). pp. 115-128 in B Lovelock (editor), Consumptive Wildlife Tourism - Hunting, Shooting and Sport Fishing. Routledge Press, Lodnon.

Stevens, C, C Paszkowski, and AL Foote 2007. Beaver (Castor canadensis) as a surrogate species for conserving anuran amphibians on boreal streams. Biological Conservation. 134: 1-13.

JR Walker, AL Foote, and MG Sullivan. 2006. The effects of an enhanced fisheries enforcement strategy on deterring illegal harvest by anglers on Northern Pike. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 27(4): 1369–1377 .

Foote, AL and NT Krogman. 2006.Boreal wetlands in Alberta: State of our knowledge and agents of change.Forestry Chronicle 825-836.

Hornung, JP and AL Foote Hornung 2006. Aquatic invertebrate responses to fish presence and vegetation complexity in western boreal wetlands with implications for waterbird productivity. Wetlands (26)2:1-12.

Martell, KA., AL Foote, and SG Cumming. 2006. Riparian disturbance due to beavers (Castor canadensis) in Alberta’s boreal mixedwood forests: Implications for forest management. Ecoscience 13 (2):164-171.

Foote, AL and MG Sullivan. 2006. The future of wildlife management in Alberta. Fish, Fur and Feathers: History of Wildlife Management in Alberta (P Rowell Ed.).

Foote, A. L. and C. L. Rice. 2005. Odonates as biological indicators of grazed and ungrazed Canadian prairie wetlands. Ecological Entomology. 30:1-11.

Foote, A. L. 2005. Principles, Perspectives and Ethics of Conservation-hunting. Pp 65-68 (In) Conservation Hunting: People and Wildlife in Canada’s North. Milton Freeman, Bob Hudson and Lee Foote (Eds). Canadian Circumpolar Institute Occasional Publication No. 56.

Freeman, Milton, Bob Hudson, and Lee Foote (eds)2005. Conservation hunting: people and wildlife in Canada’s North. Canadian Circumpolar Institute, Occasional Publication No. 56. 112 pp.

Foote A. L. and M. G. Sullivan. 2005 The future of wildlife and fisheries management in Alberta: The promise in our young biologists. Book Chapter in Fur Fins and Feathers: a history of wildlife management in Alberta. Petra Rowell (Ed) Pp 365-368.

Randall, L. A. and A. L. Foote. 2005 Effects of impoundment management and herbivory on wetland plant production and stand structure. Wetlands 25(1):38-50.


  • 2003 - Faculty of Agriculture, Forestry, and Home Economics Teacher of the Year award
  • 2005 - Faculty of Agriculture, Forestry, and Home Economics Teacher of the Year award
  • 2006 - Faculty of Agriculture, Forestry, and Home Economics Teacher of the Year award
  • 2004 - Faculty of Agriculture, Forestry, and Home Economics Teacher of the Year award